Stanislav Ovcharenko. Some cultural problems of Postcommunist population

Результат пошуку зображень за запитом "Путин против Запада"

(Excerpt from the book “In the Human Desert”)

Preconditions of the existence of this small minority emerged inside the weak-ened closed society where this small creative minority could find the several social niches. The criminals as a rule used the physical violence in order to gain some financial and human resources despite the persecution of the state Communist power. These niches were as some enclaves inside the gradually degraded closed society. The most prominent enemies of communism emerged among scientists and specialists of the military industry and in the field of the natural sciences. In the transition period they did not change their motivation and the ordinary way of life. They had to embody their motivation and extend their life goals toward the build up of own business.

First of all, they did not think about the fierce struggle against the former communist nomenclature and the new oligarchy. We could define the some distinction between the intellectuals and former nomenclature with the psychology and culture of the social mutants among chaotic crowds.

In earlier materials I has described the phenomenon of the so called “partial man” i.e. “incomplete man” or man as a means for others. We all forgot this fact, that we could explain the specific even strange behavior, proper to the members of the former Communist society. This incomplete man can be shaped in the conditions of the collective responsibility and ruthless eradication of persons that resisted to this system of collective punishment. The small creative minority consists of the integrated personalities that attempt to be consistent and expedient in their activity. This system earlier was so overwhelming that in new historic circumstances the products of this sharply negative selection (vast majority) were and are so inclined to support this former mode of life, that earlier tormented them. This paradox is very strange for the inhabitants of the “normal” society.

We ought to recognize, that it is quite difficult to evidently explain the products of the grandiose social (sooner – “non-social” “anti-social”) experiment during more than seventy years. As we said above, the men and women from the external world could know the circumstances but never could understand these roots of the true human desert with its cultural mutants here, in Ukraine.

The social experience has a specific feature: once emerging some event, phenomenon couldn’t disappear where else. This fact stressed out philosopher Derrida. He was right, concerning our circumstances. We must emphasize that the continuing history consists of the attempts of overcoming of the fearful experimental heritage.

Above we wrote that the most free people were intellectuals and criminals. We ought to emphasize that these men and women could constantly overstep the boundaries of the collective responsibility and tried to escape from the state and its collectivist discipline. Their “criminal” sharp desire was to have independent fate and life scenario.

Contrary to this, the rest of the society strived to preserve its pitiful usual life. This was a main problem of transition period with its civilizational mutants. For them any change meant the deterioration of life. The personal inability, broken will and mind have generated the fear before their near future. They were not ready to be self-sufficient.  Of course, they could not trust those who could live in a new environment. This regime of absence of legal private property and individual freedom has deeply demotivated in order to have the normal ratio of the short, medium and remote intentions. The strong dependence on the will and purpose of other people strongly simplifies even distorts the structure of person and his psychological features even in everyday life. This lack of human rights generates the hedonistic nearest intentions of this given infantile person. These abstract judgments we always could consider in our genuine human habitat, including the family of our parents and our close environment.

In other words, we must stress out that this readiness to adapt to the new reality depended on the various factors of the cultural personal development in the family, school and other social institutes of the transition society. The cultural liberation in common depends on the goals that put this or that man before himself. The insignificant creative mi-nority predominately puts the “metaphysical” goal and tries to reach their aims by virtue of subordinating their feelings, basic needs to spiritual goals proper to the whole society. We inclined somehow to underestimate the ideal goals and aspirations. We should be free even under the oppression of the totalitarian state power and the atmosphere of the common suspicion and collective responsibility. Scholars ought to understand the ability to be free in the intolerable conditions. The invisible efforts of the intellectuals and even crimi-nals non-obviously, little by little, undermined this mighty empire. The rest of the society was subordinated in favor of the basic needs at the cost of more ideal goals.

This regime of absence of legal private property and individual freedom has deeply demotivated in order to have the normal ratio of the short, medium and remote intentions. The strong dependence on the will and purpose of other people strongly simplifies even distorts the structure of person and his psychological features even in everyday life. This lack of human rights generates the hedonistic nearest intentions of this given infantile person. These abstract judgments we always could consider in our genuine human habitat, including the family of our parents and our near environment.

Instead of this in order to shape the creative scenario, we, contrary to this, must refrain from the satisfaction of some basic needs. Despite our poverty, we tried to buy the necessary books and deeply study them, contemplating over interesting things in so called “abstract subjects”. With attempts to accumulate the knowledge, we also enriched our human practical experience. This former communist society tried to divert each person out of the “abstract subjects” and accustom to physical labor as a kind of “true labor”.

In Russian and Ukrainian Orthodox tradition the society was accustomed to the disregard to the intellectual labor. Communists have inherited this Orthodox tradition. Of course, this disregard was overcome in transition period of Ukraine. Moreover, we mean the ability to earn the money without the state control. In common, the whole history of XX century is a history of struggle for the freedom of man and development of the various ways of his enslavement. The beginning of the totalitarian regimes showed us the various ways of this same enslavement. The transition period now shows us the methods of the liberation of a person. This liberation exists in the conditions of the stable results of negative selection and the great historical experience of the life within this closed society.

This sharp contradiction gave rise the constant clashes between the creative minority and the infantile passive majority of the population. The tragedies of this transition society occur because of the important differences in social and cultural experience. The most important events of the civil war in Ukraine take place in the invisible sphere of the social psychology and the world culture. The sense of brightest events, actions we could understand within the realm of the strict regularities so clear for the scholars that underwent ordeals. Nevertheless, we take into account that the sufferings in itself cannot have the positive consequences for any given man or woman. In common, we agree with a writer and politi-cal prisoner Varlam Shalamov in his dispute with Solzhenitsyn. We all were forced to strictly define our way of life out of the intolerable conditions of the regime of physical survival. We understood that the style of physic survival suspends the creative development of any person. Contrary to this, we must resume the cultural development as soon as possible. Just after a reaching of a right on private property, personal rights in the social system we could normally develop our creative projects. This communist experiment showed us the total deadlock of civilization.

Of course, the burden of choice complicates the way of life of any person. The three generations under the auspices of the total social justice unlearned to make any complex life choice. For instance, since our earliest childhood our parents instilled us the futility of our too free desire to choose our own fate. Instead of this I tried to become a true scholar-historian even philosopher. For the sake of my own scenario, I was forced to overstep the nearest limits of the demands of our parent’s family and a near environment.


The struggle for the true freedom of the society I have had to begin since my own life. The organization always begins from the self-organization. Since my early childhood I should cope with the problems of the microcosm through the complexity of the macrocosm. The serious knowledge necessarily must discipline and organize person. The contradictions between individual and the external world we ought to primarily solve since our inner problems in order to be able to cope with the complexity of the external world. A tribute for the self-perfection was the deep loneliness within our family and in our closest environment. Nevertheless, despite the difficulties we were inspired by the choice of our own vocation, despite the fate in the circumstances too intolerable for this personal choice.

But this deep cultural and psychological loneliness under the totalitarian mode of life was compensated by the ability to survive in transition period of our national Ukrainian life. We were more adapted to life in the new conditions of postcommunist life. We were not afraid of the changes in ourselves and in the society. Because of the decay of the system of collective responsibility and individual irresponsibility we have felt the freshness of new opportunities. It has become possible the inculcate of the individual responsibility and the individual choice in the unknown chaos, undefined circumstances Activity of the newborn civil society has become much more intensive. If we could say that the communist society was as a “black hole” of the world civilization, we must also add that the plunge into the normal life was as a contrast bath. These changes were too deeply for us. Within this civilizational contrast bath we could discern much more of variety in human nature and in human relationships. The society has become more open but the family has become more closed for the external influence, impetus…

Other part of our people was wrapped in a deep despondency as in some blanket with the features of the deep cultural and moral degradation. They cannot find the new vector of their life, unknown in the previous period. The meaning that a private business is a criminal offence or felony was inculcated within the social mentality. Only two strata could overcome this prejudice are a criminals and intellectuals. Of course, with lack of private property we cannot exactly define and show obviously these strata because of the invisible nature of social psychology of different social groups. At first sight, of course. For example, the historical role of working class now reduced to naught or negative influence.


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