In the former USSR, this date went unnoticed – and it was vainly.
The West continues to respect and consider it necessary to listen to the teachings, thoughts of Karl Marx and his friend and companion – Friedrich Engels (1820 – 1895). We are always rich in belated thought – and we are ready to lay the blame for our misfortunes on old and recent classics.
My attitude to the teachings and personality of Karl Marx is ambiguous as for a consistent anti-communist. But I was born in our time – and I do not have to relate haughtily to our ancestors – even such sinners as Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. These two names cannot be separated.
The life of Karl Marx we could describe as “a tragic mistake of his lifetime.” Genius, really ingenious, he brilliantly ruined not only lives of millions of people, but his own life like no other. A good poet (he wanted to become in his early youth), he refused consciously – this was not his conscious vocation. He could have been a professor of philosophy at European university (Dr. Marx!). He knew 17 foreign languages, including Latin and Greek. He did not even become a professor of any university, we may not find the information of his attempts to be a prominent scholar or writer.
His children witnessed: he had a skill to compose interesting stories while walking – he was a multi-talented person. But it failed: he decided to devote his hard life to “liberating the proletariat from capitalist oppression”. Four of the seven children died due to the years of poverty. He himself wrote to his son-in-law, Paul Lafargue: “If he had begun his life anew – he would have lived it the same way. Only he would not marry”. Because he held that because of “Capital” the life of his wife – the born baroness Jenny von Westphalen – had broken down. At last, the brother of Jenny von Westphalen, the interior minister of Prussia, offered forgiveness, if he gave up communism and the corresponding revolutionary activity. Of course – this did not happen.
Was it all worth suffering?
Then, in the middle of the 19th century, the situation of the working class in England and Europe was really terrible. Karl Marx, therefore, decided to devote his life to “liberating the working class from capitalist exploitation”. But not everything is as simple as it seems at first sight. After all, bourgeois intellectuals, who took the side of the working class, subconsciously wanted not only to improve the situation of the working class – but to overthrow the capitalist system and realize their coming to state power in their workers’ countries, being at the head of this movement of working class liberation.
They were fiercely opposed to the so-called “opportunists” who sought to alleviate the fate of the working class within this capitalist system itself.
They nicknamed Wilhelm Liebknecht as a “ram” (in personal correspondence with each other), who tried to cooperate with Ferdinand Lassalle with his created “the Workers’ Union” and was in fact the founder of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, the first workers’ party in the world (1863). Classics have revealed that they want to reach for themselves state power with the help of working movement. Russian writer and critic Pavel Annenkov noted in Karl Marx “the metallic voice of the people’s dux” He was not a pure scientist. By the way, his two daughters, Laura and Eleanor, after his death, voluntarily committed suicide, while working in the labor movement. Such a fate awaited very many intellectuals who wanted to devote their lives to the working class.
So communism was a manifestation of the psychology of the part of the working class that inspired some intellectuals to serve by their mind and conscience. The aftermath for such intellectuals was suicidal, including even for Lenin.
This phenomenon of Karl Marx arose when millions of poor and destitute became familiar with new spheres of activity – but psychologically and culturally they were not adapted to the new conditions of life. The consequence of this was communism and its simplified versions – Nazism and fascism. Over time, each version of social doctrine tends to attenuate and degrade. So the next technological revolution – apart from the benefits and comfort that are not yet available to the intellect – will necessarily manifest horrors in socio-political processes, which we do not yet guess of.
After all, hundreds of millions of people in the world do not even realize that they can soon become functionally useless – if there is no attention to the early reformatting of the human person to adapt to new historical conditions.
If we understand the fate of the life of the genius Karl Marx – we can pay attention to the future pitfalls of history.
And before whom should we repent?