Then, in the middle of the 19th century, the situation of the working class in England and in the rest of Europe was really terrible. Therefore Karl Marx decided to dedicate his life to “liberating the working class from capitalist exploitation”. But not everything is as simple as it seems at first glance. To this end, bourgeois intellectuals, who took the side of the working class, unconsciously wanted not only to improve the position of the working class – but to overthrow the capitalist system and realize their coming to state power in their workers’ countries, being at the head of this liberation movement of the working class.
They were fiercely opposed to the so-called “opportunists” who sought to alleviate the fate of the working class within the capitalist system itself.
They called Wilhelm Liebknecht a “ram” (in personal correspondence with each other), who cooperated with Ferdinand Lassalle and his supporters, those who created the Workers ‘Union and was in fact the founder of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, that was the first workers’ party in the world (1863). Classics have revealed that they want to obtain for themselves state power with the help of the working class. Russian writer and critic Pavel Annenkov noted in Karl Marx “the metallic voice of the people’s leader” He was not a pure scientist. By the way, his two daughters, Laura and Eleanor, after his death voluntarily committed suicide, while working in the labor movement. Such a fate awaited very many intellectuals who wanted to devote their lives to the working class.
So communism was a psychological manifestation of part of the working class that inspired some intellectuals to serve their mind and conscience. These consequences for such intellectuals were consciously self-destructive, in other words – suicidal, including even for Lenin.
This phenomenon of Karl Marx arose when millions of poor and destitute became familiar with new spheres of social activity – but psychologically and culturally they were not adapted to the new conditions of life. The consequence of this was communism and its simplified versions – Nazism and fascism.
Over time, each version of social doctrine tends to attenuate and degenerate.
So the next technological revolution – apart from the benefits and comfort that are not yet available to the intellect – will necessarily manifest horrors in socio-political processes, which we cannot yet guess yet.
After all, hundreds of millions of people in the world do not even realize that they can soon become functionally useless – if there is no attention to the early reformatting of the human person to adapt to new historical conditions.
If we understand the fate of genius Karl Marx – we can pay attention to the future pitfalls of history.
And to whom should we repent and justify ourselves?
Considering the life of Karl Marx, the founder of the modern workers’ movement and communism, we must try to the further consequences of the fourth technological revolution in order to avoid the inevitable tragic destinies of millions of people who cannot adapted to the new historical and professional conditions of the time. The internal human nature of an individual person, as a rule, is much more conservative than the pace of social and technological evolution. This inevitable contradiction between personal and general social development will bring about the creation of parallel social groups that attempt to control the weaker people into these closed social parallel units or enclaves. The emergence of parallel enclaves with completely different civilizational patterns, erratic behavior in an alien social environment will be the a constant annoying factor.
The brutal mixing of social classes during 1917 October socialist revolution in Russia had showed us the deeply destructive results of this violent mixing. The fourth technological revolution promises this violent browning motion on a larger scale.
The deep social weakness of totalitarian and post-totalitarian societies brings about the inability of the population (the majority) to adapt to abrupt and quickly changed circumstances. This temporary personal inability any person can successfully overcome, overstep despite the complicated circumstances, so unusual for people who are non-college graduates.
In these new social conditions the state power and upper classes of the civil society will be forced to help the rest of society with this adaptation to the new historical conditions. In this unique situation the ruling part of society and the state power will have to promote this very difficult adaptation since parents will not be able to help their children adapt in time.
Moreover, the phenomenon of adult workers lacking the necessary skills, training and education to meet the needs of the historical epoch generate the need for state powers to intervene and help resolve the problems for the weakest parts of society.
This obvious necessity of state power meddling generates the desire to elect a president, and for a political party that will promise to provide “the exclusive greatness of our country!”… by cost of preservation of the backward branches of industry within which this weak section of society was really competent.
The historical prediction might definitely be based on the scrupulous investigation of the aftermath of previous periods of industrial revolutions that were more than two centuries ago.