In this moment of violent confrontation in 1991 and later the true revolution was impossible because of the absence of strong anti-communist opposition. The population was for the most part the supporters of the old order. In this sense we, small minority, were against not only Communism in itself, but also against the mentality of this majority of population. We, of course, couldn’t begin this armed resistance. I always felt, that the armed clashes will be inevitably. The civil society cannot resist because of the absence of this same civil society. After Marx, Lenin and Marxism we all well knew that the private property everyday generates the capitalism and the threat for the existence of Socialist state power. Notwithstanding, this former old nomenclature couldn’t prevent to birth and rebirth of the private business and civil society with its horizontal network of social links. It is impossible even with help of private bandits.
In short, the actions in transition society in Ukraine were elaborated in vein of the Marxist canons. It is most interesting that we struggled against the Marxist goals but within Marxist algorithm. In the realm of class contradictions Marxists were right in many moments. But in the positive part of Marxist concept we couldn’t see the attractive future for the mankind. The labor movement has its pragmatic closest positive intentions and results within the logic of capitalist society. Despite this the attempt to destroy the world of free business couldn’t lead to the worker’s democracy. Alternative for the wage-labor is only the system of forced work, of serfdom. This is a principal moment in any ideology or philosophy. Since the Ancient Age we can trace the discussion between Plato and Aristotle. This line of discussion we could trace throughout the whole history of mankind. Dear Karl Popper was not right when he said that Aristotle was a supporter of idea of collective property and totalitarian state such as Plato. No, between them was the principal difference. In other words, mutants in Ukraine and Russia want to maintain the regime of totalitarian regime inside the capitalist society. These representatives of old nomenclature + private criminals couldn’t be effective leaders in the great business by cause of their upbringing, education and negative selection. In the conditions of a free market they tried to transform this free market into non-free in grey zone of Post-socialist regime. In this case, they tried to master the leverages of the state government and eliminate the system of a free competition.
Understanding their own inability to lead a business, they tried to extract criminal rent from the system of a free business. Certainly, this opportunity can emerge only in the conditions of the cruel violence against small, middle business and civil society. The mass homicides were throughout the whole country. The state ownership and a system of forced labor proved to be ineffective. Slavery or serfdom always was unproductive. It was well known in this new period but the “sin of birth” of this inappropriate social layer did not allow adapt them to the new historic circumstances. Thus, these mutants unable to adapt tried to adopt the same reality to their innate nature.
Their inability to adopt themselves proved us that any people divide into two layers: the persons that try to initiate themselves into the complicated reality becoming more complicated – or those who try to simplify the reality to their own level. All the variants of the evolution of human nature we can determine by the main vector of their development: growth or degradation of their own personality. They want to construct the new relation-ships – or to ruin the relationships for the sake of sudden sharp simplification. As we said earlier, the tyrannical regime is always simpler than a democratic state power.
The democracy is the most complex social system. But the main need in democracy exists for the simple people. This deep inner contradiction always composed the eternal conflict between the real need in democracy and the inability to save the achievements of the democratic society. Instead of this the aristocracy is the most able to understand and live under the democratic regime but it is not interested in this.
Between these two remote points of division we can see the rest or considerable ma-jority of the Ukrainian society within which two sides try to gain its supporters. We must recognize that despite dominant state, the ruling criminal elite is seriously weakened dur-ing the obvious resistance of Ukrainian civil society and political opposition. Of course, we tried to combine the national and social needs and demands, despite the threat of sudden death from explosion of car, or be killed near the native home, for instance.
In these circumstances the aggressive inability to produce the competitive goods and services of the higher quality inescapably led to the desire of extracting of bureaucratic-criminal rents with the assistance of their own state officials. I earlier thought that they could but not wanted to reach the profits so as other free businessmen. But we must come to the conclusion that this true aggression was provoked by the innate inability to act in the conditions of a free market. The negative selection in previous period led to the distorted methods of business and state ruling. Only in these conditions these social mutants could successfully survive. They can survive at the cost of the rest of the society that wanted to return toward the normal conditions, akin to the rest of civilized world.
We must take into account the specifics of the intellectual culture in phylogenesis and ontogenesis context of this given nation and today’s situation. We said that the border between the civilizations exists within Ukraine, its Western and Eastern parts. Correspondingly, the events were with different consequences and final results. In the same country, as in the same climate with the same state power we could consider absolutely different results of post-communist development. Even the same totalitarian severe regime had shaped quite different environments that we could see after the downfall of former Soviet Union. Historians very often reveal the facts of crucial role of national culture and the long (often, hidden) traditions of free or non-free development. In Ukraine so as in laboratory, we should see the difference in relation to the cultural traditions of Soviet Epoch.
The most paternalistic moods we discover in the Eastern and Southern parts of the country that much earlier were under the former Russian Empire. We must constantly emphasize the very important role of the prolonged period of the cultural evolution and to define the notions with which we could determine the subject of our deliberation and investigation. We remember that these things we divide at the personal and social levels. The sudden changes and civilizational challenges force us to plunge into the depth of the historical reality that we couldn’t see at first sight.
We know well, that the external picture of environment or habitat exists in accordance with innate content of these persons and some collective circles. On other hand, we must remember that the poverty or wealth tend to reproduce themselves. In other words, the inner features we can know through the external manifestations. Thus, the external facts are pictures of internal qualities. This simple truth, we must constantly take into account when we try to understand invisible events of objective reality. Of course, this transitive reality showed us the some obvious chaos that reflected the differentiation of the historical reality of the given society. We must highlight the fact that the violence during the transition period was not more than after the October Revolution in Russia in 1917. But now intolerance towards the violence was much more than in the beginning of the XX century. If we say that the inner process can consider within external events and facts, the inner recuperation could be discovered in the external recovery of the social environment.
The rabble-proletarians were doomed to ruin our environment, to ravage owners and to dare to build fragile unviable state structures. They could rip the leather trim seats, smash the streetlights, for example. Even Marx said that lumpen-proletarians tend to serve to the most reactionary classes and groups. The newly born middle class begins to respect for the property of other’s owners. Only the germs of the civil society and middle class could suspend and stop the destructive actions. It is interesting that the interest to the higher education was added by the interest to the true science, philosophy and art. The personal freedom even in the dangerous conditions generated the interest to the exclusive information, scientific discoveries that could help to produce exclusive products, goods or services, for the foreign and inner consumers. The interest to the higher culture was inspired by the demands of the free business activity and liberation from the painful external control of the hostile state power.
These events were very often in the shadows of obvious political or economic arena. These slow but deep changes prepared the principal events of Revolutions in 2004 or 2014 with an active participation of our middle class and intellectuals.
As we constantly stress out, we see the deep social conflict between middle class and rabble-proletariat, especially in the Eastern and Southern Ukraine. Of course, the state of our small and middle business always was brittle, uncertain, under the threat of ruin from state power or “private” racketeers. This intensive fight was inevitable and intol-erable. In this cruel struggle the wage-earners of East and South of Ukraine often were indifferent, even malevolent to us. This main struggle was beyond the borders of life of wageworkers.
We ought to remember that the labor movement of X11X and XX step by step diverted from its final great goal, proclaimed by Marx, Engels and Lenin. With the dying of final goal and dream, the labor movement cannot be revived. It was too difficult for my sensitivity with my former devotion to the idea of socialism that I wouldn’t want to tie with rotten ugly soviet reality that we treated as distortion of a great idea. By the way we refused from this former great idea just before the general collapse of the social system. In transition period we were anticommunists even against socialist idea in general. But this moment of bifurcation was too painful.
Thus, we must struggle for personal and creative freedom against working class! Cer-tainly, I was not surprised by this fact because of our understanding that the human culture ultimately develops at the cost of social and intellectual inequality. Since my early childhood I thought that all slaves hate their masters and ardently dreamed to liberate from exploitation of man by man. At the moment of this difficult and painful refusal from idea of Socialism and social justice I well knew that the considerable majority of slaves hotly want to maintain the slavery or serfdom as a condition of their physical survival. The revolt of the inhabitants in Donbas proves it. In this case I was able to explain to myself the existence of any Vendee in Ukraine. Of course, I mean that this Vendee exists in each revolutionary country. In short, in contemporary Ukraine we have a classic civil war or, accordance to Samuel Huntington, “Clash of civilizations”. In any regions the rabble-proletarians with their criminal leaders predominately voted for the state power of three Ukrainian Presidents, one of those was a pure criminal.
Nevertheless, these loudest events emerge from the inner regularities that were en-rooted within the national or regional cultures and their “scales of life values”. Each per-sonality accordingly to scale of values, appreciates the things “significant” or “insignificant”. The clash of countries in this case shows us the same conflict between scales of values or, simply, between antagonistic cultures. The survival of one culture (nation, civilization) is often at the expense of other. We mean the freedom of person against slavery (serfdom) and vice versa. We can understand the main conflicts and wars via these inner regularities that we must see on the surface of the political life.
We must recall that the deep differences between the civilizations, psychological, cul-tural resonances or dissonances are more importantly than the direct pragmatic interests that we name as “selfishness”. The cultural distinctions in the tightly connected world be-come much more tangible than earlier in previous centuries. We could say about the in-tensive cultural and economic interaction that was quite impossible one century ago. The main task of oligarchy is to distort the informational space, contaminate it. In the hardest periods we always remembered the large scale of the rest of world and the hidden oppor-tunities that we must discover and use it despite any obstacles that could create our oli-garchic state power. First of all, now is impossible to organize the informational isolation or to create the barriers to the independent sources of living.
The obstacles with information and with independent financial sources for life are insufficiently in order to provide throwback to the former mode of life. The barrier must be implanted psychologically despite objective opportunities to gain material and informational independence. They do not want of new opportunity because of fear before the responsibility that inescapably arises from the personal freedom. The perception of the deeply uncomfortable state of soul, emptiness in hearts… This contradiction between freedom and spiritual emptiness breaks the heart and weakens the soul of the man, badly nurtured and badly educated citizens that cannot overcome the complex new circumstances. These challenging conditions of technological revolution and new activities engender the surprising events that force to seek the new ways of human behavior. We know well that the external human environment was generated from the inner essence of human nature and connected with it cultural traditions.
Great Russian scholar Michail Bakhtin said that the essence of the human nature we must seek and find in his or her results of activities. Exclusive author had embodied his own sense within his masterpieces. We, of course, understand that in the postindustrial epoch the most important role plays the exclusive talent. The acceleration of the technological revolution makes this same technology much more invisible, unobvious. This paradox of the postindustrial revolution now is almost unobvious for the majority of population in Ukraine. The facts of diminishing role of monotonous industrial production slip from the workers and lumpen-proletarians. The consequences of the post-industrial revolution have generated mighty social movements during Arab Spring Revolutions, and, after, arose the Revolution of Human Dignity in Ukraine 2014.
As usually, we observe the throwback of the intellect in the form of burst of emotions that cover man and stop his ability to use the common sense. That because we must properly evaluate the methods of neutralization and recuperation of the social mutants in postcommunist countries. Meanwhile, We could suppose that the neutralization is more important than recuperation. The results of cultural degradation is very often looks like irreversible.
We can trace the regular delay of the human nature from the historical and technological events. The velocity of these changes strongly accelerates. Each key change in the technological progress inevitably provokes the decisive unexpected changes and challenges in the social revolution because of deep mix in the entire structure of the today’s society. The main obstacles we still meet in the human innate nature of the separate personality.